Russian human rights defenders call for creating International Humanitarian Group for Syria
Appeal to human rights defenders and independent public actors of Russia, USA, Europe and other countries on the situation in Syria.
We are addressing particularly human rights defenders, independent journalists and intellectual experts – and not the politicians, including members of parliaments, who will always defend “national interests” or serve the preferences of their voters. We are not addressing the well-known representatives of international business because, for sure, they always have their understandable commercial interests. We are also not addressing the officials of various international organizations – from the UN to the OSCE, because they are long either unable to make any decisions or their bosses do not let them do that, as every bureaucracy has its own corporate interests.
We are addressing those who, from our point of view, are able to think not from the position of their home countries, commercial plans or corporate groups, but from the position of the humanity, which does not differentiate between the blood of Sunnis and Shiites, Christians and Jews, Alawites and Buddhists – for whom every human life is valuable, and not only that of civilians, but also of the soldiers who are sent to war by their leaders.
We do not want to repeat the known details of the humanitarian catastrophe happening in Syria (more than 100 thousand dead and 2 million refugees) and we are not planning to either justify or expose Assad – the hereditary autocrat, as we are also not planning to either admire or demonize the actions of the not-so-peaceful opposition.
For us it is not even so important what already has happened (as a real tragedy did take place for millions of people), but what is important is what might happen in this region in the next few days, weeks and months. It is important for us whether the military intervention (not to say that is always “evil”) will help those who are still alive or, on the contrary, lead to more casualties.
It is important for us how it can affect the whole system of international law which is already bulging at the seams. And it is also important for us, how it will affect the souls of billions of people who are living today (and, possibly, those who will live in the future) from the point of view of increasing militarization, the spirit of aggression, distrust and total defenselessness of a single human being who is involved in a military conflict.
Our suggestions are naive and unrealistic but we will state them anyway.
We suggest to create “International Humanitarian Group for Syria”, which will try to quickly assess the situation from all sides and make a “verdict” of some kind – not on the issue of who committed which crimes (let this be done by other people at another time), but on the possible scenarios in case a military campaign is started by the USA and their allies, and also in case of refusal to go through with this operation. Also, which alternatives are possible – not for holding or taking over the authority by some forces, but for a significant reduction of the number of casualties. In the next few weeks the group must prepare its conclusions for the UN Security Council about the necessity or inadmissibility of any humanitarian intervention, its types, forms and duration (it is possible that we should discuss the option of the UN forces separating the opposing sides).
It is also possible (but not necessary) that the “International Humanitarian Group” should quickly organize missions with sufficient number of participants to be sent to the location to assess the situation objectively and, possibly, to postpone the start of a military operation.
This group must take all possible actions including public actions in our countries to put on hold the military scenario until independent experts develop their recommendations and introduce them to the international community.
We are convinced that we did too little to prevent such humanitarian catastrophes in the past 20 years, and we are convinced that the international civil society must do anything possible at the moment to prevent a more serious disaster, which will magnify and catalyze the previous conflicts.
With a naive hope,
Andrey Yurov, chairman of the Commission on Human Rights Abroad of the Russian Presidential Council on Civil Society Development and Human Rights
Igor Sazhin, human rights defender, Komi Human Rights Commission “Memorial”
Ella Polyakova, chair of the “Soldiers’ Mothers of Saint Petersburg” NGO, member of the Russian Presidential Council on Civil Society Development and Human Rights
Sergey Krivenko, director of the human rights group “Citizen. Army. Law”, member of the Russian Presidential Council on Civil Society Development and Human Rights
Vladimir Ryakhovsky, defense lawyer, managing partner of the “Slavic Legal Center” law firm, member of the Russian Presidential Council on Civil Society Development and Human Rights
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